Thì hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn trong Tiếng Anh

Thì hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn

Thì Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn – present perfect continuous là một trong 12 thì trong Tiếng Anh.  Trong quá trình luyện thi IELTS, một số bạn vẫn nhầm lẫn giữa thì Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn và Hiện tại hoàn thành nên hôm nay tuhocielts chia sẻ với các bạn hiểu rõ về thì và cách phân biệt. Cùng tìm hiểu nhé!

1. Cấu trúc

Câu khẳng định

have/ has been + Verb + -ing.

Ex: I’ve been studying really hard.

Câu phủ định

have/ has not been + Verb + -ing.

Ex: I hasn’t been studying really hard.

Câu nghi vấn

Have/has … been + Verb + -ing?

Yes, S + have/ has
No, S + haven’t/ hasn’t

Have you been studying really hard?

Wh- question

Wh-word + have/ has + S + been +V-ing

Trả lời: S + have/has (+ not) + been + V-ing + …

Q: The baby’s face is really dirty.What has he been eating?

A: He’s been eating soup

Chú ý:

  • have not= haven’t.
  • has not = hasn’t

2. Cách sử dụng

  • Dùng để diễn tả một hành động bắt đầu trong quá khứ diễn ra liên tục và kéo dài đến hiện tại ( Nhấn mạnh tính “liên tục” của hành động)

Vd: They have been discussing the problem for o’clock

Emma has been learning English for 5 years

  • Dùng để diễn tả hành động đã xảy ra, vừa mới kết thúc nhưng kết quả của hành động vẫn có thể còn ở hiện tại

Vd: Tom is very tired now because he has been working hard for 5 hours

Dấu hiệu nhận biết

Chúng ta có thể sử dụng cả hai thì Hiện Tại Hoàn Thành hay Hiện Tại Hoàn Thành Tiếp Diễn để diễn tả một tình huống hay hành động bắt đầu ở quá khứ và vẫn kéo dài đến hiện tại (thường đi với for hay since):

  • Since + mốc thời gian

Ex: I’ve worked at the restaurant since I moved here.

I’ve been feeling tired since I started this course.

  • For + khoảng thời gian

Ex: I’ve been working at the restaurant for three years.

I’ve felt tired for weeks.

  • All + thời gian ( all the morning, all day,..)

Ex: They have been working in the field all the morning. (Họ làm việc ngoài đồng cả buổi sáng.)

Phân biệt giữa hai thì Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn và Hiện tại hoàn thành

Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn

Hiện tại hoàn thành

  • Nhấn mạnh sự liên tục của hành động:

I’ve been reading for the past two weeks.

  • Nhấn mạnh số lần xảy ra hành động:

I’ve read this articles three times.

  • Nhấn mạnh vào bản chất của hành động ( không chỉ ra việc hành động đó đã kết thúc hay chưa):

I’ve been writing my essay ( we don’t know if the essay is finished or not)

What have you been doing? ( the boy’s mother is interested in the activity that made him so dirty now)

  • Nhấn mạnh kết quả và sự hoàn thành của hành động:

I’ve written my essay ( my essay is finished but we don’t know when )

What have you done? ( the boy’s mother is interested in the result of the action: the broken window )

LƯU Ý: Các động từ trạng thái ( know, understand, acknowledge ) thường sẽ không đi với thể tiếp diễn.

I’ve known them since I was a child. (not I’ve been knowing them since I was a child)

Bài tập

Exercise 1

Look at the chart and fill in the gaps with the past simple or present perfect simple of the verbs in brackets to make true sentences.

Bài tập Thì

1. The chart shows the percentage of British adults who………. (use) the Internet since 1995.

2. The number of women who have ever used the Internet ……….. (increase) by more than 60% since 1995.

3. The percentage of men who have accessed the Internet ……… (rise) each year.

4. The number of women to have accessed the Internet ……….. (rise) each year.

5. The percentage of men who used the Internet ………. (be) greater than the percentage of women from 1995 to 2005.

6. However, British women ………. (overtake) British men in Internet usage since 2005.

7. The total number of people accessing the Internet ……… (grow) each year although the most significant rise ……… (occur) between 1995 and 2000.

Exercise 2

Underline the correct form of the verbs:

bài tập thì 2

Exercise 3

Fill in the gaps with a verb from a box in the present perfect simple or present perfect continuous. You will need to use some verbs more than once.

Be do feel have live pass study start take travel want work

Interviewer: How long …………. (1 you) here?

Student: I…………… (2) in London for the past three years. I come from Japan originally. I…………… (3) at a college here since I arrived.

Interviewer:…………… (4 you) any travelling over the past three years?

Student: Yes, I…………… (5) really lucky. I have long holidays so I ……………(6) all over Europe. I especially liked Spain.

Interviewer: What is the most interesting thing you……………(7) recently?

Student: Well, I ……………(8) to play tennis, and I…………… (9) singing lessons for a few months now too. But the thing that I am most proud of is that I……………(10 just) my driving test. It’s the first time I ……………(11) it so I’m really pleased but I……………(12 never) so nervous in all my life!

Interviewer: How do you think English will be useful in yours life?

Student: I…………… (13) a Hospitality and Tourism course over here, so I need English for my studies and my job. I…………… (14 always) to work in the tourist industry because I…………… (15 always) interested in history and cultural sites, and I ……………(16 already) as a tour guide in my home town.

Exercise 4

1.

A: You look hot. What have you been doing (1 you/do)?

B: I……………(2 run)

A: Running! In the heat? How far……………(3 you/run)?

B: About four miles.

2.

A: What’s the problem? You look a bit preoccupied.

B: Yes, I ……………(4 think) about Helen.

A: Why? Is there something wrong with her?

B: Well, she…………… (5 act) so strangely lately.

A: In what way?

B: Well, some days when she arrives at work, I know that she ……………(6 cry). And she ……………(7 make) private calls when we’re all out at lunch. I just think that something’s going on.

A: ……………(8 you/talk) to her about it yet?

B: Yes, a few times, and each time she ……………(9 say) that there’s nothing wrong, but I’m not so sure.

3.

A: Where ……………(10 you/be), Simon?

B: I……………(11 talk) to Mark on the phone. He says he……………(12 try) to phone us all day.

A: Well I……………(13 be) in most of the day bit I ……………(14 not hear) the phone.

B: That’s strange. But anyway, he……………(15 have) a phone call from Jackie’s mother and Jackie …………… (16 be) in some kind of accident. It’s nothing very serious but she’s got to stay in hospital overnight.

A: Oh dear. ……………(17 she/break) any bones?

B: I’m not quite sure how badly she……………(18 be hurt) but I think we should go and see her tonight.

Đáp án

Exercise 1:

2. has increased (since)

3. rose (in 2005)

4. has risen (each year)

5. was (from 1995 to 2005)

6. have overtaken (since 2005)

7. has grown (each year); occurred (between 1995 and 2000)

Exercise 2:

2. ‘ve been working

3. have now finished

4. ‘ve made

5. said (at last week’s lecture)

6. haven’t found

7. ‘ve done

8. used

9. went

10. learnt

11. ‘ve been wondering

12. ‘ve given

Exercise 3:

2. ‘ve been living (for the past three yearn)

3. ‘ve been studying (focus on activity)

4. Have you done

5. ‘ve been (state verb)

6. ‘ve travelled

7. ‘ve done

8. ‘ve started

9. ‘ve been having (‘ve been taking is also possible – focus on activity and duration)

10. ‘ve just passed (recent activity)

11. ‘ve taken (it’s the first time)

12. ‘ve never felt (‘ve never been is also possible)

13. ‘ve been doing (‘ve been taking is also possible – focus on activity)

14. ‘ve always wanted

15. ‘ve always been

16. ‘ve already worked

17. I’ve been studying English since I was six years old.

18. I haven’t studied any other languages./I have studied…/I studied French at school but I’ve forgotten almost everything now.

19. I’ve been to…

20. I’ve been reading a lot and taking lots of practice tests.

21. My life has changed a great deal. I’ve finished university.

Exercise 4:

1. have you been doing

2. ‘ve been running

3. have you run

4. ‘ve been thinking

5. ‘s been acting

6. ‘s been crying

7. ‘ been making

8. Have you talked

9. ‘s said

10. have you been

11. ‘ve been talking

12. ‘s been trying

13. ‘ve been

14. haven’t heard

15. ‘s had

16. ‘s been

17. Has she broken

18 ‘s been hurt

Trên đây là một số kiến thức giúp bạn nắm vững được thì hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn và cách nhận biết. Hãy chia sẻ nếu bạn thấy hữu ích nhé!

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